Sheep and lambs - Sheep are over one year of age. They have usually produced offspring. Lambs are less than one year of age. They have usually not produced offspring.
Lamb and Mutton - Lamb is also the term for the flesh of a young domestic sheep eaten as food. The meat from a sheep that is older than 12 months is called mutton.
Wool - The fiber that most sheep grow is called wool. The wool from one sheep is called a fleece. Many fleeces from the same farm, wool pool, region, or state are called a clip.
Ewes - A female sheep is called a ewe. Yoe is a slang term for ewe. A young female is called a ewe lamb. The process of giving birth to lambs is called lambing. Another word for birthing is parturition.
Rams - A male sheep is called a ram. Buck is the slang term for ram. A young male is called a ram lamb. In parts of the United Kingdom, a ram is called a tup and the mating season is called tupping.
Wethers - A castrated male sheep is called a wether. Wethers are less aggressive than rams.
Yearling - A yearling is an animal between 1 and 2 years of age that may or may not have produced offspring. In other countries, a yearling ewe is called a hogget, shearling, gimmer, theave, or teg.
Flock - A group of sheep is called a flock. Larger groups of sheep are called bands or mobs.
Shepherd - A shepherd is a person who cares for sheep.
Sheepherder - A sheepherder is a herder of sheep on open range. It is someone who keeps the sheep together in a flock. In the U.S., the sheepherder is not usually the owner of the sheep.
Teaser - A teaser is a ram that has been surgically altered in a way that prevents him from reproducing.
Slime Graft - Is rubbing the fetal fluids and membrane of a ewe's lamb onto a lamb that you wish to graft onto her, usually in the case of abandonment or death of the graft lambs mother.
Lanolin - Lanolin is wax secreted by the sebaceous glands of wool-bearing animals sometimes called wool grease or also called yolk.
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